Tag Archives: heating costs

6 Easy Steps to Winterize your Windows

Making sure our windows are efficient makes sense–windows account for 10 to 25 percent of our heating bills because of leaked conditioned air. If you aren’t quite ready for the expense and hassle of installing new, energy-efficient windows, check out our easy ways to winterize existing windows and keep your home–and your pocketbook–comfortable.

Back to Basics

Check the perimeter. This may seem obvious, but even small cracks or other structural imperfections let hot air pour out of your home. Take a good look at your windows. Are there any easy-to-spot problems such as cracked glass, rotting wood, or obvious air or water leakage? If so, address those issues either as a DIY project or by calling a professional.

Seal it up. Now that your windows are sound, focus on caulking and weather-stripping. Use caulk for stationary cracks, gaps or joints less than 1⁄4-inch wide. Use weather-stripping for components that move.

read more at: https://www.motherearthnews.com/sustainable-living/energy-efficiency/winterize-your-windows-zm0z14sozpit/?utm_source=wcemail&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=MEN%20GL%20eNews%2002-11-22&wc_totalkey=2tZ1wfmzc2vv1S_LrIXVWbjIAs6OV1lxvR-K-LKy7E7iNNNfqEyWiXHXC0TO-4j_e-I_d15bylKj6S-m6rfd5w

Adding Insulation to My Home; Will it Increase Value?

The answer to the questions again is it depends.   Just remember that cost does not equal value.  For example it may cost you $5 to make a pair of shoes but if you put Michael Jordan’s name on the shoes now the shoe is priced at $400 and people are paying $400 for the shoes so even though it cost $5 to make you can put them on the open market and people will pay $400.

First lets look at the cost effectiveness of adding insulation in terms of the “years to payback” for savings in heating costs. Years to payback is the time required for the insulation to save enough fuel from heating (at present prices) to pay for itself. A simple payback is the initial investment divided by annual savings after taxes.

The cost of the energy source is also a key factor in determining payback. Energy prices vary widely from region to region and season to season. Other factors, such as the rate of production and inventories of fuels nationwide, can also affect local energy prices. The weather from year to year also varies, so your energy costs from year to year will vary as well.  Call your local utility for a rate schedule.

If you have your utility bills or you can call your utility and get copies, you can use this formula to figure out how many years to payback.

Years to Payback  =  (C(i) × R(1) × R(2) × E)   ÷  (C(e) × [R(2) – R(1)] × HDD × 24)

To calculate the payback, you must supply the following information:

C(i)  =  Cost of insulation in $/square feet. Collect insulation cost information; include labor, equipment, and vapor barrier if needed.

C(e)  =  Cost of energy, expressed in $/Btu.

  • To calculate the cost of energy, divide the actual price you pay per gallon of oil, kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity, gallon of propane, or therm (or per one hundred cubic feet [ccf]) of natural gas by the Btu content per unit of fuel.
  • To figure the price you pay per unit, take the total amount of your bills (for oil, electricity, propane, or natural gas) during the heating season, and divide it by the total number of gallons, kWh, or therms you consumed during those months. Use the following values for fuel Btu content:
    • #2 Fuel Oil = 140,000 Btu/gallon
    • Electricity = 3,413 Btu/kWh
    • Propane = 91,600 Btu/gallon
    • Natural Gas = 103,000 Btu/ccf
    • or 100,000 Btu/therm

E  =  Efficiency of the heating system. For gas, propane, and fuel oil systems this is the Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency or AFUE. Typical AFUE values are 0.6 to 0.88 for oil or propane furnaces, and 0.7 to 0.95 for natural gas furnaces. Older systems are usually less efficient. Use E = 1.00 for baseboard electric systems. For heat pumps, use the Coefficient of Performance or COP for E; where E = 2.1 to 2.5 for conventional heat pumps, and E = 3.2 to 3.5 for geothermal heat pumps.

R(1)  =  Initial R-value of section

R(2)  =  Final R-value of section

R(2) – R(1) =  R-value of additional insulation being considered

HDD  =  Heating degree days/year. This information can usually be obtained from your local weather station, utility, or oil dealer.

24  =  Multiplier used to convert heating degree days to heating hours (24 hours/day).

Here is an example:

Suppose that you want to know how many years it will take to recover the cost of installing additional insulation in your attic. You are planning to increase the level of insulation from R-19 (6-inch fiberglass batts with moisture barrier on the warm side) to R-30 by adding R-11 (3.5-inch unfaced fiberglass batts). You have a gas furnace with an AFUE of 0.88. You also pay $0.87/therm for natural gas. Let’s also suppose that you supply the following values for the variables in the formula.

C(i) = $0.18/square foot

C(e) = ($0.87/therm)÷(100,000 Btu/therm) = $0.0000087/Btu

E = 0.88

R(1) = 19

R(2) = 30

R(2) – R(1) = 11

HDD = 7000

By plugging the numbers into the formula, you obtain the years to payback:

Years to Payback  =  (C(i) × R(1) × R(2) × E)   ÷  (C(e) × [R(2) – R(1)] × HDD × 24)

Years to Payback  =  (0.18 × 19 × 30 × 0.88)   ÷   ($0.0000087 × 11 × 7000 × 24)

90.288   ÷   16.077   =  5.62 years

What about value?  An appraiser that specializes in green properties/energy efficiency can help you with it.  Have copies of your utilities bills before and after installation to show appraiser and keep your documents from the insulation to show the appraiser.  Some appraisers may not have the knowledge for green properties so you may want to contact an appraiser that specialize in energy efficiency.

The appraisers at www.socalappraisalserv.com can help you with value issues, they specialize in green properties and energy efficiency.

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